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The Journal of Geospatial Surveying publishes original research articles, invited lead articles, review papers, short communications, and case studies. Manuscripts written only in English are accepted.
Manuscripts which are not according to the author guidelines will be returned to the author without processing further.
1. Items that Need to be Present at the Time of Submission
2 Declaration of Competing Interest
All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there is no competing interest, they must state "The authors declare no competing interests". This statement will be published within the article if accepted.
3 Author Contributions
For transparency, we encourage authors to submit an author statement file outlining their individual contributions to the paper using the relevant CRediT roles (https://casrai.org/credit/): Conceptualization; Data curation; Formal analysis; Funding acquisition; Investigation; Methodology; Project administration; Resources; Software; Supervision; Validation; Visualization; Roles/Writing - original draft; Writing - review and editing. Authorship statements should be formatted with the names of authors first and CRediT role(s) following.
4 Submission Declaration and Verification
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
5 Language and Language Services
Manuscripts should be written in English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who are unsure of correct English usage should have their manuscript checked by someone proficient in the language. Manuscripts in which the English is difficult to understand may be returned to the author for revision before scientific review.
6 Line and Page Numbering
Please ensure the text of your paper is double-spaced and has consecutive (continuous) line numbering. Please also ensure to add page numbers to the source file - this is an essential peer review requirement.
Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses, e-mail addresses, and the ORCiD of 3 potential referees. Note that the editorial board retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.
8 Peer Review Policy
This journal operates a double-blind review (both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review) process. All contributions are typically sent to two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. If there are discrepancies between the comments of the two reviewers, the manuscript will be sent to a third reviewer before taking the final decision. The comments of the reviewers will be sent to the authors and the authors are expected to submit the revised version within three weeks of receiving the comments.
The Editor-in-Chief/Associate Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editorial decision is final.
9 Revised Submissions
After receiving comments from the reviewers, the reviewers’ comments will be sent to the corresponding author for revising the manuscript.
Revision requirement: The authors are requested to submit a marked and clean version of their submissions.
Additionally, a separate document giving Answers one by one to Reviewers’ Comments must be prepared and sent along with the revised manuscript.
Marked Manuscript: The Marked Manuscript should be a version of your revised manuscript in which all of the ways in which it is different from the original manuscript are indicated for the sake of the Editor. Please use the method of indicating changes is Microsoft Word's Track Changes feature, colored fonts, or highlighted text parts. As in the original manuscript, figures and tables should be placed in their proper places within the body text.
No changes to the original manuscript must be made other than as replies to the reviewers’ comments and suggestions.
It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to get the consent of all authors of the manuscript for the revisions made, before sending it to the editor-in-chief/associate editor. This will then be copyedited by the editors, prior to sending it back to the authors for final proof reading.
The marked version will not be used for typesetting. It is only for review purpose.
Clean Manuscript: The final version of the submission with all the revisions included.
10 Preparation of Manuscript
Manuscripts must be typed using Times New Roman, font size 12 in double space throughout Title page, Abstract, Text, References and Tables. All abbreviations should be spelt out at first mention in the abstract as well as in the text body. Thereafter, only these abbreviations are to be used.
Full length original research papers should include the following: Title page, Highlights, Graphical Abstract (if applicable), Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Theory/Calculation (if applicable), Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement of sources of funding, Statement of Conflict of Interest, Author Contribution, References, Tables and Figures. The maximum number of words for a research article is limited to 10,000, including figures, tables and references. Longer articles will be considered by the Editorial Board only under exceptional circumstances, based on the scientific merit.
Review papers should include an Abstract, an Introduction that outlines the main points, text under brief sub-headings and References. Review papers are generally limited to a maximum of 20,000 words including figures tables and references.
Short communications should contain novel findings written in the form of a concise, independent report representing a significant contribution to the field of study. It should be written under the subheadings as in a research paper but should include only few key references. It may include a 1-2 tables or figures and the word count should be confined to a maximum of 3,500.
Each article should carry an authors' statement of any conflicts of interest and acknowledgement of sources of funding for the research.
The authors must provide the ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) numbers of the corresponding author of the manuscript at the time of article submission.
When submitting a regular research paper, authors should make sure to arrange the documents in the following order:
10.1 Title page
Title page should be a separate document giving the Article type, Title, name(s) of authors(s) and complete postal address of the institution(s) where the work was carried out. Surname(s) of the author(s) with initials should be provided. Title should be concise, informative and typed in ‘sentence case’ bold letters. Author affiliations should be given in separate lines, while the email address, telephone number and the ORCiD number of the corresponding author must also be provided.
Highlights consist of short sentences of 3 to 5 bullet points that capture the novel results of your research as well as new methods that were used during the study (if any). They increase the discoverability of your article via search engines. Each bullet point must be limited to a maximum of 85 characters, including spaces.
10.3 Graphical abstract
A Graphical Abstract is a pictorial and visual summary of the main findings of the article. This could either be a figure that is especially designed to convey the main findings of the article, or one of the important figures from the article. It should capture the content of the article for readers at a single glance.
10.4 Main manuscript
The lines and pages of the main manuscript must be numbered. The main manuscript should contain the following;
Title: Title should be concise, informative and typed in ‘sentence case’ with bold letters. Authors’ names and affiliations should not be given in the main document.
Abstract and Keywords: Abstract for regular research papers and review papers must not be more than 250 words and for short communications not more than 100 words. It should be presented as a single paragraph and state clearly the main findings of the research and their relevance. The abstract should be followed by a list of 3 – 5 keywords, separated by a semicolon(;).
Introduction: This section should first provide an adequate background and an analysis of the state of the art identifying the existing shortcomings of the subject matter being addressed. On this basis, the description of the objectives should give a clear view of the originality of the manuscript. A summary of the paper content or a repetition of results should be avoided.
Materials and Methods: Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
Theory/Calculation: A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results and Discussion: Results should be clear, concise, and written in the past tense. Figures, Graphs, Photographs and Tables can be used as appropriate. These should be placed by the authors in the appropriate place in the Manuscript.
Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them, and be written in the present tense. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and lengthy discussions of published literature.
Conclusion(s): Conclusion(s) should stand alone as a separate section, and the main conclusions of the study must be presented. The progress with respect to the available research and the critical elements of the proposed investigation should also be discussed.
Acknowledgement(s): Authors should acknowledge source(s) of funding in the following format;
Funding: This work was supported by the National Research Council [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the ABC Foundation, Colombo, Sri Lanka [grant number zzzz]; and the Department of Wildlife [grant number aaaa].
Note: It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.
If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:
“This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”
Declaration of Competing Interest: Authors should state either "The authors declare no competing interests" OR "The authors declare the existence of a financial/non-financial competing interest" in the manuscript at the end.
Author Contributions: An author statement file outlining their individual contributions to the paper, using the relevant CRediT roles (before the References list).
Appendices: If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly, for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Figures, Graphs and Photographs: These items must be properly numbered and submitted separately. A colourful Graphical Abstract must accompany the article on a separate page.
Please ensure that all captions are placed at the end of the main manuscript.
All illustrations (maps, graphs, drawings and photographs) are considered as figures, and should be numbered in consecutive order in Arabic numerals as Fig. 1, Fig. 2 etc. Captions for figures should be concise, self-explanatory and have sufficient information to make it intelligible without reference to the text.
Graphs must be of high standard and good quality, and the minimum resolution of line drawings should be 600 dots per inch (dpi). Where applicable, a metric scale should be indicated in each graph.
All photographs should be of high resolution (600 dpi), should be trimmed to show only the essential features, and forwarded only in the forms of ‘tiff’ or ‘png’ images.
Tables: All Tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals as Table 1, Table 2 etc. The number of tables should be limited, and must not repeat data available elsewhere in the manuscript. They should carry the caption (above the Table) and footnotes (if applicable) to the table (below the table).
Equations and Units: Authors are strongly encouraged to use equation editor to write mathematical equations. All measurements should be reported only in International System of Units (SI).
Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors.
Citation in text: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either "Unpublished results" or "Personal communication". Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
Reference links: Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus and CrossRef, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors.
Use of the DOI is highly encouraged. A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article.
Web references: As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (e.g. DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (eg. after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
10.5 Reference Style
Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. For notes containing more than one citation, references should be separated by a semi-colon.
Examples: "as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown ...."
List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Where the article doesn’t have an issue number
Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2000. The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Science Communication. 163, 51–59.
Where the article has an issue number
Bornmann, L., Daniel, H. D., 2008. Selecting manuscripts for a high‐impact journal through peer review: A citation analysis of communications that were accepted by Angewandte Chemie International Edition, or rejected but published elsewhere. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 59(11), 1841-1852.
Reference to a book:
Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 1999. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304.
Proceedings of Symposia
Shi, Y., Eberhart, R., 1998. A modified particle swarm optimizer. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, New Jersey.
Author (2020). Title of website, database or other resources, Publisher name and location (if indicated), number of pages (if known). Available from: http://xxx.xxx.xxx/ (Date of access).
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
The copyright of all articles and illustrations published in the Journal is retained by the author(s) of the manuscript.
This articles in the Journal of Geospatial Surveying are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)