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Lognormal Random Field models to identify temporal Land cover changes using full polarimetric L-Band SAR imagery

Authors:

D.R. Welikanna ,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, LK
About D.R.
Department of Surveying and Geodesy, Faculty of Geomatics
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M. Tamura

Kyoto University, Kyoto, JP
About M.
Department of Civil and Earth Resources Engineering
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Abstract

Multiplicative Autoregressive Random Field (MAR) based texture models have been identified as one of the most appropriate models for SAR intensity images to capture the stochastic spatial interaction among neighboring pixels. But very few studies have tested their viability particularly in disaster applications. In this paper, we analyse the MAR texture models for their advantageous in land cover change detection compared to the changes resulting from logarithm of SAR image intensity and speckle filtered SAR imagery. The paper shows that lognormal random fields with multiplicative spatial interactions in the form of MAR models can be an effective alternative to suppress speckle noise and model SAR image intensity in time series data analysis. The pre and post disaster observational data of the Tohoku earthquake, in the east coast of Japan, acquired by the Advanced Land Observation Satellite (ALOS)/phased array type L-band synthetic aperture radar (PALSAR) were synthesized using MAR model based texture measures. Two of the main texture descriptors of the MAR model were considered primarily in this study. Those are the neighborhood weighting and the noise variance parameters. A 2nd order neighborhood configuration was used to estimate them. We present a variogram based analysis, structural similarity index measure (SSIM), and the mean ratio detector (MRD) as three different approaches to analyse the changes in land cover using radar texture. The change detection results of the MRD were further tested using area error proportion (AEP), root mean square error (RMSE) and correlation coefficient (CC), keeping normalized ratio, principle component analysis (PCA) and adaptive Lee filtered polarimetric intensity based change as the references.
How to Cite: Welikanna, D.R. and Tamura, M., 2021. Lognormal Random Field models to identify temporal Land cover changes using full polarimetric L-Band SAR imagery. Journal of Geospatial Surveying, 1(1), pp.1–15. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jgs.v1i1.24
Published on 31 May 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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